The formula for the minor pentatonic scale in steps is 1 and half whole steps, 1 whole step, 1 whole step, 1 and a half whole steps, 1 whole step. For instance, since the 6th degree of F major is D, the relative minor of F major is D minor.. A natural minor scale can also be constructed by altering a major scale with accidentals. A key has two components: a tonal center and some sort of scale, or set of pitches used for creating harmony and melody., a choice to use a pattern of seven notes forming a set called the major scale. Understanding the minor scale will allow will help you build other minor scales including the harmonic minor scale. Applying that scale formula to the notes of the C major scale yields: C – D – Eb – F – G – Ab – Bb. Today we have seen how the minor scale is built and some different ways of playing it on the guitar. The harmonic minor scale has a very "Gothic" or "Medieval" sound which comes from the major seventh interval opposing the minor third. Master the minor pentatonic scale using the whole fretboard. The Major scale formula = 1 2 3 4 5 6 7 C major scale = C D E F G A B The Minor Pentatonic scale formula = 1 b3 4 5 b7 C Minor Pentatonic = C Eb F G Bb So you play the first note of the major scale, then the third note lowered by a half step, the fourth note, the fifth note and the seventh note lowered by a half step. Minor Pentatonic Scales The minor pentatonic scale is a five note scale based on the natural minor but without the 2nd and and sixth scale degrees. For this reason they are called the relative minor. Play the notes in the number order shown below. The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. Privacy. This is called the scale formula. To simplify, you can memorize this formula to form a minor scale: whole step - half step - whole step - whole step - half step - whole step - whole step (or) w - h - w - w - h - w - … Since pentatonic scales contain 5 notes, we need to remove two from the minor scale in order to get the minor pentatonic. Playing minor scales on the guitar is simply a matter of following the pattern shown below. I will cover both melodic and harmonic minor scales in later lessons once you have the proper foundation knowledge. Author: Lee Nichols Creator of www.guitar-chords.or.uk Learn how to play up and down the neck with ease and break out of those box patterns . The minor scale is created with a formula, just like the major scale. Abbotsford, BC, V2T 6H2 Canada Like the major scale, the minor scale is made up of a series of whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). by . The focus of this lesson will be on getting familiar with how the minor scale is made, how it differs from the major scale, and how to apply a simple minor scale shape to a jam track. There are many more scales for guitar of course, and each of them is used to express different emotions. In order to build a scale from the intervals of the octave we need a formula. This scale adds a great latin/spanish feel to your guitar solos. Toll Free: 1-800-439-8921 The C minor scale is considered the relative minor scale of the Eb major scale because they contain the exact same notes. Learn how to play the C Natural Minor scale with the notes shown on the guitar. If you want a good performance, you have to write a good part, and one of the things you need to watch is the inter… Based on the idea that each finger controls one fret (the index finger actually controls two frets). A more regular pattern that is the favorite of many rock/metal players since it is easier to speed up than the previous pattern. b3 (flat three) means you take the third note of the major scale only a half step … guitar chords. The F Minor scale consists of seven notes. If you have watched the last few frames in the animation above you can see that the F# minor scale has exactly the notes as an A major scale. The root note for the minor scale is always 3 frets behind the root note of the major scale. This is what you will find: If we compare a C major scale (C D E F G A B) with a C minor scale (C D Eb F G Ab Bb) we notice that the minor scale has the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note lowered by one fret respect to the major scale. It's a completely free collection of over 50 high-quality lesson videos on the most important guitar topics. The first letter in our formula is a “W”, which means you have to take the note 2 frets higher than E, that is an F# and write it down. Just like the major scale, there is a minor scale formula that you can use to build a minor scale from scratch using whole-steps (W) and half-steps (H). This is the pattern of choice when you want to play a faster lick. Minor Pentatonic Scale Connections How to connect the common first pattern of the minor pentatonic scale to parts of the neighboring scale patterns for a wider range of notes to use in the scale. One alternative formula for the minor scale (the first being the W-H-W-W-H-W-W we have seen above) is thus 1 2 b3 4 5 b6 b7; this formula mean: “Take a major scale (1 2 3 4 5 6 7) and lower the 3rd, 6th, and 7th note by one fret”. The ‘b’ in this formula is a modification to the basic Major chord. We tend to say that major scales have a ‘happier’ and ‘cheerier’ sound, whereas minor scales have A pattern that repeats itself every two strings, and so it is easier to remember and to use in improvisation. Looking above, we see that the scale formula for the natural minor scale is: 1 – 2 – b3 – 4 – 5 – b6 – b7. Choose a root note (we … This combination of notes is called the minor scale. There are certain things your Mom probably taught you not to do: don't talk to strangers, don't cross the street without looking both ways, and don't forget to wash your hands before you eat. Choose a root note (we will choose an E) and write it down. The notes of the C melodic minor scale ascending are: C, D, Eb, F, G, A, B, C. Relationship to parallel major. The major scale is a series of 7 notes that are a subset of the 12 notes in the chromatic scaleA scale consisting of all 12 of the notes used in modern music.. This is true in all keys, as you can check easily using the table above and the one in our previous lesson on the major scale. This means the formula for the minor pentatonic scale is made up of the 1st (root), 3rd (♭3), 4th (p4), 5th (p5), and 7th (♭7) from the minor scale. The scale can be formed by using the same notes as a major scale, but starting and ending the scale on the 6th degree of the major scale, and considering this 6th degree as the root. A major scale is 1-2-3-4-5-6-7. The minor pentatonic scale formula is 1, b3, 4, 5, b7. If you are stuck in the pentatonic box then this is the way out of it. [email protected], Musora Media, Inc. © 2019 -   Terms  /   A scale is a very specific pattern of notes that is used to create the basic building blocks of music: melody and harmony. Here we are spanning three full octaves on the guitar. Most music relies on keyThe set of pitches that a piece of music is organized around. You proceed the same way with all the other letters. guitar arpeggios. Over the Emin7 chord, theory suggests using E natural minor scale to avoid the natural 7th contained in the harmonic minor scale. To turn an Eb major scale into a C minor scale you would simply have to start on the 6th note (C) in the Eb major scale. By Desi Serna . In this lesson we will only focus on the natural minor scale first. "I want to help you get started on the guitar with step-by-step lessons for FREE!" Numbers above the note indicate the finger to use (1=index, 2=middle, 3=ring, 4=pinky). Let’s go back to our parent scale, the C major scale (aka C Ionian mode). Direct: 1-604-855-7605 Pentatonic Scale Fluency: Available on Kindle and Paperback. To turn this C major scale into a C minor scale, we just have to take three notes and lower them by one half-step. The formula for a minor chord is 1 b3 5. Building the Minor Scale. In this lead guitar lesson, we'll be taking a first look at the natural minor scale. Starting on the 1st (or root) note of a scale, you’d use this formula to play the natural minor scale with the following intervals: • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step • Half step • Whole step • Whole step. If you moved the root note up two frets to A and followed the same whole-step/half-step structure, you would form the A minor scale. This is the order of whole-steps and half-steps that make up the minor scale. https://goo.gl/Ts2uU6In this lead guitar lesson, we'll be taking a first look at the natural minor scale. A Aeolian mode: the natural minor scale; B Locrian mode: half-diminished scale, to be used over m7b5 chords . (For i… The two notes removed are the 2nd and 6th intervals. This makes it less ‘characterful’ but perhaps more versatile, as it can be used over a greater number of chord progressions in the rock / pop genre. If she had known about augmented seconds, she probably would have warned you about those, too. The scale formula for the minor pentatonic can be a useful thing to know if you want to work out the notes in any given minor pentatonic scale. While the major scale is the basis of all music theory, the minor scale is the most used in rock music, The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). These can be described as intervals, as semi-notes or steps on the guitar fingerboard, written as 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 - 1 - 2 - 2 from the first note to the next octave. So if C Major is C (1) E (3) G (5), then C minor will be C (1) Eb (b3) G (5). The second letter in our formula is a “H”, so take the note 1 fret higher than F#, that is an G, and write it down. - Nate Savage, 107-31265 Wheel Ave. The notes we lower are the 3rd, 6th, and 7th notes in the major scale. The notes that make up guitar scales exist all over the fretboard. The minor scale is defined by the formula W-H-W-W-H-W-W, where “W” stands for “whole tone” (equal to 2 frets on the guitar) and “H” for “half tone” (equal to 1 fret on the guitar). This is very similar to the dorian scale, however this time we have a minor 6th note, rather than a major 6th note. This formula is the same sequence as the major scale formula, but it begins on a different note. If you want more lessons like this one, be sure to sign up for the Free Guitar Toolbox. For the application part of this lesson, we'll be using a simple C minor scale shape that starts on the 6th string and only travels one octave. We'll be looking at three ways to build the natural minor scale in this guitar lesson. We'll be using a C major scale because there are no sharps or flats that you need to worry about. guitar scales. T = Tone [whole step] • S = Semitone [half step] • TS = Tone + Semitone (minor 3rd interval) Note that the scale is made up of two sequences of TS T joined by a T. This might help you remember it! Just like the major scale, the natural minor scale is one of the essential scales used on the guitar, and in time it will become an important part of your lead guitar arsenal. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. The major scale formula follows the pattern W, W, H, W, W, W, H. The minor scale formula follows the pattern W, H, W, W, H, W, W. Lastly, you can take a modal approach to the minor scale. Get the FREE Beginner Guitar Starter Kit! For the melodic minor scale, you raise the sixth and seventh notes of a scale by a half step as you go up the scale and then return to the natural minor as you go down the scale. Minor Jazz Scales – The Harmonic Minor Scale. The natural minor scale, also known as the Aeolian mode is one of the most used guitar scales in rock and popular music. Composers have gone to great lengths to set rules about what to do and what not to do when writing melodies. For example, a major triad is 1-3-5. If you fancy spicing up your solos, learn this scale! Like the major scale, the minor scale can be constructed from scratch by applying the following formula, WHWWHWW (W = Whole tone and H = Half/Semi-tone). This ‘b’ means to ‘flat the third’ or to lower the 3rd by a half tone. In melodic composition, the augmented second interval between the sixth and seventh degrees of the harmonic minor scale is considered by many to be … Minor Scale Patterns and Positions on the Guitar Fretboard. For an example of a natural minor scale, let’s look at the E minor scale. Work on getting this new scale shape under your fingers. Once you feel comfortable with it, pull up the jam track and try playing the scale along to it. The formula for the minor scale is whole, half, whole, whole, half, whole, whole. Let’s see now how to play the minor scale on the guitar. Yes, C melodic minor over the B7 = B altered scale. This new scale is the C natural minor scale, which is usually just referred to as the C minor scale. The natural minor scale, when compared to other scales with a minor tonality such as the Dorian scale, jazz minor scale and the harmonic minor scale, has a somewhat ‘neutral’ tone. On the guitar a scale or chord formula is its pattern of steps and intervals. Tbh though, in that song, over the E minor in the key of E minor… you can get away with a lot. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. Once we've lowered those notes we're left with a C minor scale. The F Minor is relative to Ab Major. A harmonic minor scale is a seven note scale with a numeric formula of 1-2-♭ 3-4-5-♭ 6-7-8/1. This note will give the name to the scale (“E minor”). A natural minor scale is taken from the major scale of the same name, but with the third, sixth, and seventh degrees lowered one half step.. Here is a step-by-step explanation on how to use this formula. In music theory, we number each note of the scale, going from 1 to 7. Your first note is indicated by the 1 shown on the first E string. The third letter on the formula is “W”, so now you have to take the note that is 2 frets higher than G, that is A, and write it down. Because of this, the key of A minor is called the relative minor of C major.Every major key has a relative minor, which starts on the 6th scale degree or step. This scale is most commonly broken up into what's known as … We will use the A minor scale (A B C D E F G), but you can apply all the following patterns to any other key just by moving them up or down on the fretboard. The formula describes the interval distances between each note of the scale. Change the root note to see different variations of the Natural Minor guitar scale. If you did everything correctly you will find that the E minor scale is E F# G A B C D. You can construct the minor scale in any key by following this formula of whole/half steps. These notes follow a formula where no note name is repeated. Don't worry too much about being creative right away and just focus on listening to how the minor scale sounds when played over the simple C minor 7 groove. Natuaral Minor scale = W-H-W-W-H-W-W (2-1-2-2-1-2-2) Minor pentatonic scale = WH-W-W-WH-W (3-2-2-3-2) Blues scale = WH-W-H-H-WH-W (3-2-1-1-3-2) Major pentatonic scale = W-W-WH-W-WH (2 2 3 2 3) Harmonic Minor scale = W-H-W-W-H-WH-H (2-1-2-2-1-3-2) Melodic Minor scale = W-H-W-W-W-W-H (2-1-2-2-2-2-1) Ionian scale = W-W-H-W-W-W-H (2-2-1-2-2-2-1) Of course, you should work out the same procedure for all keys as an exercise. The following charts compare the different scale formulas of the major scale modes that are used for keys and chord progressions. The first way is to start with the major scale. Both scales include the same notes but their tonal center differ. What is the A minor scale? 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