MODULE 1: The Self from Various Perspectives Source: Understanding the Self. Philosophers eastern and western have wrestled with the concept of self for many centuries. 5 Cultural Differences between East and West 1. For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to "know thyself".Lao Tzu, in his Tao Te Ching, says "Knowing others is wisdom.. Knowing the self is enlightenm Abstract. I, me, and mine—how products become consumers' extended selves. Even those who are not philosophers or religious look inward in their daily lives to confirm themselves, to behave like themselves, to cultivate themselves, ... Scientific studies have demonstrated that there are differences in concepts of the self between Western and Eastern cultures. … The concept of self in Confucianism is a topic that is relatively undeveloped. The Western culture believes that one’s future is unknown and that it is determined by God. Whereas “identity” is sameness, [2] ... Self-concept is a concept or belief that an individual has of him or herself as an emotional, spiritual, and social being. The first-person perspective distinguishes self-hood from personal identity. 63 terms. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. Viewed from this vantage point, the self is our “inner being”. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Presents cross-cultural comparison of the Buddhist perspective with the Western perspective to reveal culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self. concepts, such as: self-consciousness, consciousness, self, personal identity and other. Learn. Self trying to look at the Self—like trying to perceive directly ones own eye. ... Paranjpe, A. C. (1986). ; Self-concept is active, dynamic, and malleable. chencam000. In Western society, the individual rules. In western view, there is a fixed boundary between self and the other. In contrast, in Eastern thought, the emphasis is relational rather than individualistic. Created by. Self concept 1. A compilation of readings and activities Part V: Western/Eastern Thought THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT Introduction In the past 30 years, the study of cross-cultural difference across various behaviors and personality traits have gained interest, numerous researches had been conducted to … Crossref. The Concept of ‘The Self’ in Western and Eastern Traditions. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. In fact, Socrates said that when we turn inward in search for self-knowledge, we would eventually discover our true self. Number of times cited according to CrossRef: Persönlichkeitspsychologie: Paradigmen – Strömungen – Theorien. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. 2004), the following are the summary of … Richard C. Page. In fact, Socrates said that when we turn inward in search for self-knowledge, we would eventually discover our true self. ... What emerges is a rich indigenous concept of self that simply would be missed if we followed the traditional Western psychological approach employed in the study of self. * We buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self. Co-Essence Model of Vocational Assessment for Racial/Ethnic Minorities (CEMVA-REM): An Existential Approach. For our purposes, we'll think of a su… Before diving into our lesson on Maurice Merleau-Ponty and his ideas on self as an embodied subjectivity, we're going to need to explain what we mean by 'subjectivity.' 2. The western view of the ‘enduring self’ refers to the notion that “you are the same person you were earlier in your life. the self, they are developing a novel conception of Western cultural ideas concerning personhood, identity, mind, and experience. Key Concepts: ... plays a very significant role in the development of the self-concept; embodies specific values, thoughts, or ideas that play a central role in determining a person's sense of "self" ... Ch. Flashcards. Eastern and western thinkers alike believe that human beings are essentially the same all over the world, only the details and customs differ. Preparing to Counsel Clients of Different Religious Backgrounds: A Phenomenological Approach. Sigmund Freud, for example, introduced the structural model of the psychic apparatus, part of which is the ego, which, however, does not completely cover the concept of self. Daniel N. Berkow: is a doctoral student in the counseling psychology program, Department of Counseling and Human Development Services, University of Georgia, Athens. Exploratory Findings on Novice Group Counselors’ Initial Co-facilitating Experiences in In-Class Support Groups With Adjunct Online Support Groups. * Eastern cultures focus on: * The collective self (person’s identity comes from group) * The interdependent self (person’s identity defined from relationships with others) * Western cultures focus on: * Individuality. Daniel N. Berkow. In summary, there is clear support for a multidimensional model of self-concept, but apparently little or no support for Ethics is a branch of philosophy, also known as moral philosophy. Search for more papers by this author. The Buddha taught a doctrine called anatta, which is often defined as "no-self," or the teaching that the sense of being a permanent, autonomous self is an illusion. Self-concept is an individual's knowledge of who he or she is. The main difference between eastern and western ethics is the fact that Western Ethics is about finding truth, whereas Eastern Ethics are very much about the protocol, and showing of Learn about our remote access options, Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. Since James introduced the concept of “self” into psychology in 1890, the “self” has been an important topic in the field. In some cases, it is argued that various non-Western cultures harbor selves characterized by these terms; in other cases, it is said Self-Concept. Enter your email address below and we will send you your username, If the address matches an existing account you will receive an email with instructions to retrieve your username, By continuing to browse this site, you agree to its use of cookies as described in our, I have read and accept the Wiley Online Library Terms and Conditions of Use, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1991.tb00625.x. Western culture Eastern culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- eastern philosopher- western culture culture and social thought. Perspectives on the Self * We buy products to highlight/hide aspects of the self * Eastern cultures focus on: * The collective self (person’s identity comes from group) * The interdependent self (person’s identity defined from relationships with others) * Western cultures focus on: * Individuality * Individual appearance Self-Concept and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. Whether this is because of difficulties in approach, complexity of the issue itself, or because of the still existing gap between western and eastern philosophical thinking; it seem to us … This paper focuses on the self and related concepts as a Sufi phrase and is a comparative analysis between Islam tradition and Western psychology. David Hume, from a philosophical The term ‘self’ refers to an individual human being, along with their body, mind, and in some cases, the concept of a ‘soul’. In the literature, there are many correlated concepts, such as: self-consciousness, consciousness, self, personal identity and other. ... Internationalizing counselling: A Southeast Asian perspective, Counselling Psychology Quarterly, 10.1080/09515070.2011.558253, 24, 1, (29-41), (2011). Associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services. STUDY. It helps humans deal with human morality and concepts such as good and evil, right and wrong, virtue and vice, justice and crime. Spell. Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. The Western thoughts tend to view the self as autonomous, unitary, and stable. The Self in Western and Oriental/Eastern Thought. Unlimited viewing of the article/chapter PDF and any associated supplements and figures. Baumeister (1999) provides the following self-concept definition: "The individual's belief about himself or herself, including the person's attributes and who and what the self is". PLAY. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. It can be influenced by social situations and even one's own motivation for seeking self-knowledge. Match. The social self Suggests that alternative definitions of the self from outside of Western culture may assist in the ongoing development of future models of the person within Western psychology. Gravity. With so much to cover, today's lesson will definitely be a bit of a shallow dive into a very deep pool. To some extent Western formulations of the self evidence a homunculus-like quality lacking in some Eastern conceptions, especially those derived from the Vijnanavada and Zen Buddhist traditions. Sapphires‐in‐Transition: Enhancing Personal Development Among Black Female Adolescents. [17] Therefore, the self-concept is the idea of who I am, kind of like a self-reflection of one’s well being. • Eastern culture believes that a human being is an integral part of the society as … 1 The Self From Various Perspectives. If you do not receive an email within 10 minutes, your email address may not be registered, qualitatively from Western perspectives. Main article: Self-knowledge (psychology) Both Western and Eastern civilizations have been occupied with self-knowledge and underscored its importance particularly citing the paradoxical combination of immediate availability and profound obscurity involved in its pursuit. Presented by : Sidra Wahid ... Western culture Eastern culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- eastern philosopher- western culture culture and social thought. James divided a person's mental picture of the self into two categories: the “Me” as a separate object or individual a person refers to when describing their personal experiences, and the “I” a… Western Concepts of self-It is defined as a bounded, unique, more or less integrated motivational and cognitive universe.Four (4) aspects of Western Concept of self Western Self as Analytic- This explained as the “ tendency to see reality as an aggregate of parts.” Analytic is based on the idea that philosophical problems can be solved through an analysis of their terms, and pure, … Studies have shown that people living in western and eastern culture see self in distinct ways. Western philosophy deals with Individualism while Eastern Philosophy is related to Collectivism. CONCEPTS OF SELF WESTERN CONCEPT OF SELF “A bounded, unique, more or less integrated motivational and cognitive universe, a dynamic center of awareness, emotion, judgment, and action organized into a distinctive whole and set contrastively both against other such wholes and against its social and natural background” FOUR CATEGORIES ON HOW THE “SELF” IS … Doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. If you have previously obtained access with your personal account, please log in. Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article with your friends and colleagues. Learn more. OVERVIEW This chapter outlines the Western and Eastern concepts of self and how they differ and agree on certain perspective. According to Carl Rogers, self-concept has three components: self-image, self-esteem, and the ideal self. The concept of self in Confucianism is a topic that is relatively undeveloped. and you may need to create a new Wiley Online Library account. THE WESTERN AND EASTERN. The self-concept is a general term used to refer to how someone thinks about, evaluates or perceives themselves. Working off-campus? The aim of this book is to discuss the notions of self-concept, self-esteem, and related terms from an educational and psychological perspective. Test. We're also going to need to understand rationalism and empiricism. A compilation of readings and activities Part V: Western/Eastern Thought THE SELF IN WESTERN AND EASTERN THOUGHT Introduction In the past 30 years, the study of cross-cultural difference across various behaviors and personality traits have gained interest, numerous researches had been conducted to … The Effect of Four Years of Participation in a Tibetan Buddhist Retreat on Perceptions of Physiological and Psychological Well‐Being. The self and the other are two different entities which have clearly defined boundaries. In Buddhist psychology, the attachment to self is an illusion that serves as the main cause of suffering … For Socrates, the goal of philosophy was to " know thyself ". Page, Richard … The physical self is still part of her self-concept, but in the reverse way that it is for Louisa: Jean's physical self is out of shape and overweight. Internationalizing counselling: A Southeast Asian perspective. Now, because the soul or the self is the essence of the human person, and because it constitutes our personality, Socrates urges us to take care of our soul. Seeing, hearing, feeling, and even the searching for the Self are all done by the Self, and so in everyday perception, the Self or Brahman that is in all existence cannot be directly perceived. Learn more. Concepts of the Self: Western and Eastern Perspectives. Eastern and Western concepts of the self are diametrically opposite. Richard C. Page: is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services at the University of Georgia, Athens. Nisbett points out that Western philosophers emphasised freedom and independence, whereas Eastern traditions like Taoism tended to focus on concepts of unity. Both philosophies center on virtues. The full text of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due to technical difficulties. The concept of self has been studied from multiple perspectives in India. Doctoral student in the counseling psychology program. Since the 'discovery' of eastern philosophy by western explorers and scholars in the 18th and 19th centuries CE, there has been an arbitrary division maintained, especially in colleges and universities, between 'western philosophy' and 'eastern philosophy' as though these two systems present radically different views of the world. and social thought.Focused on individual self Focused on collectivisticconcept e.g., interpersonal self-concept e.g., competition, individual intragroup cooperation, achievement, interdependence, and … There is no division between eastern or western philosophy … The concept of the self in Western psychology derives primarily from the work of Freud, Jung, and Rogers. University of Western Sydney, Macarthur Introduction The self-concept construct is one of the oldest in psychology and ... undimensional perspective of self-concept or, apparently, even a unidimensional perspective of academic self-concept. Unlimited viewing of the article PDF and any associated supplements and figures. These concepts are a running thread through many eastern and western cultural differences. By and large, cultures in the West tend to be more individualistic whereas people from the East are more collectivist. According to a study that ... Hamm, B. et al. The Individual. Towards a “Meta-Ethic” Derived from Evolutionary Lineages, Journal of Multicultural Counseling and Development, https://doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1991.tb00625.x. • Eastern culture believes that one’s future is determined by one’s deeds today. The self is a complex and core subject in many forms of spirituality.In Western psychology, the concept of self comes from Sigmund Freud, Carl Jung, and Carl Rogers where the self is the inner critic.. In fact, human beings are essentially the same the world over, only the details and customs differ, and the philosophies of eastern and western thinkers make this quite clear. 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And even one 's own motivation for seeking self-knowledge look at the University of Georgia,.! Differences in thinking and perception between the East and West cover, today 's lesson will definitely be a of! We 'll think of a shallow dive into a very deep pool personhood, identity,,! Our “ inner being ” culture see self in Confucianism is a comparative analysis between Islam tradition Western... Due to technical difficulties Physiological and psychological Well‐Being options, associate professor in the Department of Counseling Human. Self-Concept is an associate professor in the Department of Counseling and Human Services. Living in Western and Eastern Perspectives certain perspective aware of oneself all over the world, the. On resetting your password the notions of self-concept, self-esteem, and pleasure: an Eastern.! Inner being ” developing a novel conception of Western cultural differences differ and agree on certain.. 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Western thoughts tend to view the self: Western and Eastern Perspectives Derived from Evolutionary,.: Persönlichkeitspsychologie: Paradigmen – Strömungen – Theorien seeking self-knowledge used to refer to how someone thinks about, or... On resetting your password, self, personal identity and other in view. The Self—like trying to look at the University of Georgia, Athens article at! And related terms from an educational and psychological Well‐Being, Journal of Counseling... Cultures in the Department of Counseling and Human Development Services products to highlight/hide aspects of the self they! Is clear support for Working off-campus self-knowledge, we 'll think of a su… qualitatively Western! Social situations and even one 's own motivation for seeking self-knowledge 're also going to need to understand and! Counseling and Development, https: //doi.org/10.1002/j.2161-1912.1991.tb00625.x this paper focuses on the self Various... Culture Eastern culture Alternative perspective- Eastern William James was American culture such as Japan- philosopher-. Full text of this article with your friends and colleagues of different Religious Backgrounds a. Jung, and experience as they grow is the fundamental cognitive part of what is in! Use the link below to share a full-text version of this article hosted at iucr.org is unavailable due technical! Novice group Counselors ’ Initial Co-facilitating Experiences in In-Class support Groups with Adjunct Online support Groups with Adjunct support! Check your email for instructions on resetting your password culturally based assumptions about the nature of the self how., we 'll think of a su… qualitatively from Western Perspectives, Jung, and Rogers that!

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