The sycamore is a grand, stately shade tree for a larger site. They are likely to reach 100 feet at maturity and spread on huge, gnarled branches as wide or even wider than they are tall. Some leaves are linear and some are obovate in shape. Click on a place name to get a complete protected plant list for that location. Similar to oaks and maples, sycamores (Platanus occidentalis), are a common tree found throughout the eastern United States. Rounded or Spreading Shape. Leaf Description: Sycamore leaves can be as large as a dinner plate, though often smaller. Some cultivars reach heights of 75 feet, but most are a very manageable 35 to 45 ft. tall shade tree that works well in most situations. Has Deciduous foliage. It grows to 30 meters tall and lives nearly 600 years. It is one of the largest broadleaf tree species in North America. Mature sycamore leaf showing the shape and fall color. This plant has no children Legal Status. The leaf shape can be similar, but is easily distinguished by texture and margin structure. The leaves are very large with 3 to 5 leaf lobes and are often 7 to 8 inches long and wide. American Sycamore: Latin Name: Platanus occidentalis : Type: Native: Diameter: 38″ dbh: Color of Leaf: Medium to dark green – yellow to brown in the fall: Shape of Leaf: 4″ to 10″ wide with coarse marginal teeth: Color of Flower: Female flower reddish / male flower yellowish: Shape of Flower: Small rounded clusters: Fruit Characteristics The American sycamore, or Buttonwood tree, is native to the eastern part of our country. Some have leaf bases that are cordate, hanging well below the point of attachment to the petiole, while others have leaf bases that are truncate. Nurturing a Sycamore Tree. Please enter key search to display results. Tree Characteristics. Fast growing, Platanus occidentalis (American Sycamore) is an enormous deciduous tree adorned with a massive trunk and a rounded crown of huge, crooked, horizontal branches. The red maple (Acer rubrum) is one of the most common, and popular, deciduous trees in much of the eastern and central U.S.It has a pleasing oval shape and is a fast grower with stronger wood than most of the so-called soft maples. Visually, they remind me of maple leaves. Platanus occidentalis L. – American sycamore Subordinate Taxa. The easy and very reliable way to tell the two apart is by the leaf shape and more so by the seed balls for me that's the easiest way to tell them apart. Reaching heights over 70 feet and a width over 50 feet, a full grown American Sycamore tree is a substantial tree. The tree was brought to Europe sometime during the 17th century, and has established itself in Argentina as well as in Australia and New Zealand. Canker stain, verticillium wilt, powdery mildew, leaf scorch and sycamore lace bugs can be serious problems. Width: 50 - 70 feet. It might be the color that gives them away, or the arrangement of the leaves within the foliage in general, or even the exact shape of specific leaf types. The American sycamore's growth rate is quite rapid, and the tree can shoot up 2 feet a year. Be sure to provide your tree with plenty of room to grow. Sycamores prefer moist soil and are usually found near streambeds and riverbanks, where the root structure acts as a stabilizing influence helping to prevent soil erosion. Sycamore tree is deciduous tree that belongs to the plane-tree family. American Sycamore has showy fruits and Eastern Cottonwood has no showy fruits. There are three basic types of sycamore: North American Sycamore, British sycamore and Middle Eastern sycamore. The Sycamore provides excellent shade with its dense and broad canopy. The wood of this tree is used for things such as: musical instruments, butcher blocks, and furniture. AMERICAN SYCAMORE, BUTTONWOOD. American Sycamore leaf is Orbicular shaped. Seasoning Sycamore Firewood The American plane tree, or sycamore (P. occidentalis), also known as buttonwood, buttonball, or whitewood, is the tallest, sometimes reaching a height of more than 50 m (160 feet).Its pendent, smooth, ball-shaped seed clusters usually dangle singly and often persist after leaf fall. Home / Uncategorized / western sycamore leaf. It usually develops into a tree with a long, clear, strong central stem with spreading branches forming an open crown with somewhat sparse foliage. American sycamore has leaves of variable shape. The edge of the leaf is serrated and american sycamore leaves are deciduous. ... Florida Maple has similar venation and a similar leaf shape but the leaf arrangement is opposite, rather than alternate. These pictures were taken on bottomlands along the the DuPage River, near Winfield IL. The sycamore once populated the forests of the Arctic region during the Cretaceous period. Cookies. Growth Rate: 36 Inches per Year. Norway Maple vs Sycamore Maple. The foliage of large maple-shaped medium- to dark-green leaves, 4-10 in. They differ in size, color of the bark and leaves, and habitats where they can be found. They are suspended from the branch from on a 3 to 6 inch stalks. Several different types of tree are known as sycamores. Sycamore (Platanus occidentalis) (American planetree, buttonwood, American sycamore, button-ball tree) is one of Iowa's largest trees; it attains diameters of 4-7 feet and heights of over 100 feet. In winter months, its roots should be protected from heavy frosts by covering up the soil with two inches thick layer of mulch. Some of the most common shapes of leaves include the following: Ovate leaves are egg-shaped with the widest point being nearer the stalk Some leaves are globe shaped and some are ovate. At the point the leaf stem meets the leaf, on the underneath side, is flared, enlarged and indented into the shaft of the stem. American sycamore Platanaceae Platanus occidentalis L. symbol: PLOC Leaf: Alternate, simple, palmately veined, 4 to 8 inches wide, ovate in shape, with three to five lobes, margins coarsely toothed, petiole bases encircle and enclose the buds, veins may be pubescent below. This tree sheds tiny hairs, the cream-colored fuzz on its leaves and twigs, that may cause an allergic reaction, particularly during pruning. The largest tree in Connecticut is supposedly an American sycamore (the Pinchot Sycamore in Simsbury, CT). Alright, now let’s move on to our final topic! It originates from Europe, but it can be found around the world today. Bloom Time: May to June.. Fruit Description: The fruit is ball shaped and ripens in October. They are all deciduous, meaning that they lose all their leaves during certain parts of the year. Sycamore Tree (Plantanus occidentalis L.) Interesting Information About Plant: The sycamore tree is the largest deciduous trees in the Eastern United States. American Sycamore information tells you about American Sycamore shape, leaf color, flower color, etc. Leaves Palmate, Green, Golden or Yellow or Orange, Deciduous. Leaf drop can be messy and chemicals released in leaves can prevent growth of the underlying turf. Platanus occidentalis: Sycamore 2 Description Height: 75 to 90 feet Spread: 50 to 70 feet Crown uniformity: symmetrical Crown shape: pyramidal, round, spreading Crown density: dense Growth rate: fast Texture: coarse Foliage Leaf arrangement: alternate Leaf type: simple Leaf margin: lobed, incised Leaf shape: ovate, star-shaped Leaf venation: palmate, pinnate Leaf type and persistence: deciduous At the ground the trunk is generally straight or slightly flared at the roots. Usually, the leaf shape and its margins can help to tell a lot about the kind of tree it came from. western sycamore leaf no terminal bud; buds are conical, 0.25" long, blunt pointed and dark reddish brown; leaf scars completely surround the buds; exfoliating bark; has creamy white inner bark; solitary fruits ; Propagation. The stately sycamore also goes by the monikers of the button-ball, button-wood, or the American plane tree. Where the Sycamore has single seed balls, the London Plane has more on the same seed ball stem, see picture. × Erect or Spreading and requires ample growing space. Other common names are American planetree, buttonwood, American sycamore, and buttonball-tree. In North America, both are more common around urban areas, although Norway maple is more common. Common names are from state and federal lists. Allergic reactions of American Sycamore are breathing problems and Skin irritation whereas of Eastern Cottonwood have Hay fever, Headache, Runny nose and sneezing respectively. Having a fruit bearing plant in your garden can be a plus point of your garden. Small, inconspicuous flowers appear in rounded clusters in spring. This website uses a cookie to track whether you choose to see the weeds in order by scientific name or common name. Flower Color: Both male and female flowers are produced on the same tree. Protecting Your Sycamore Tree From Weather Damage A mature American sycamore tree can handle the harshest of weather conditions, including snow and … To be honest, you probably don’t need that level of detail, because Sycamore leaves are HUGE and relatively easy to distinguish from other leaves here in the Midwest USA. Height: 70 - 90 feet. They have a wonderful distinctive smell in early fall when first drying in the sun. Sycamore leaves have a shape that somewhat resembles a Maple leaf, but they are much larger in size. The leaf debris doubles up as a breeding space for fungus and bacteria, and this can cause diseases in the American sycamore itself. American plum borer; sycamore lacebug; can lift sidewalks; fruit can be a litter problem; bacterial leaf scorch; ID Features. The upward shoots of a young sycamore should be pruned every winter to keep the plant in shape. Sycamores grow very rapidly, sometimes 70 feet in their first 20 years. Native to the Chicago region, sycamores have very high wildlife value, attracting a wide range of birds that use the tree for many purposes. Longevity Greater than 150 years. For example, some leaves appear long and narrow; then there are those that look like needles. The leaves of a maple tree are very distinct, but that shape does not belong to maple leaves alone—a number of broadleaf trees have maple-like leaves. American Sycamore tree is a sturdy tree that can tolerate extreme weather conditions, pollution, and salt. wide (10-25 cm) warms up to yellow-brown in the fall. It has broad green leaves but is most recognizable by its peeling bark, with patches of white and gray. It’s easy to spot a sycamore, as they have a distinctive maple-look to the large, light-green leaves. It is very obvious that even if two plants look-alike, their leaf shapes are different. Looking at the shape of the leaf is usually the first way people try to identify the species of tree. 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